Homer – The Iliad & The Odyssey

The Iliad and The Odyssey are epic poems traditionally attributed to Homer, of which the written versions are dated to the 8th century BCE. Chronicling events in the Greek Bronze Age, this magnificent pair of poems forms the cornerstone of Western literature.
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Aeschylus – The Oresteia Trilogy

The Oresteia is a tragedy in three parts written by Aeschylus in the fifth century BCE. After a decade of warfare, Troy had fallen and Agamemnon, King of Mycenae, returned home. His wife, Queen Clytemnestra, had him killed to avenge the sacrifice of her daughter Iphigenia, to obtain the crown and to marry her lover Aegisthus. This murder leads to further bloodshed when their son Orestes in turn kills Clytemnestra and Aegisthus. The trilogy consists of Agamemnon, The Libation Bearers, and The Eumenides. The Oresteia is the only surviving example of an ancient Greek theatre trilogy and won first prize at the Dionysia festival in 458 BCE.
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Tacitus – Agricola and Germania

Two works by the Roman historian, Tacitus. Agricola is a portrait of Julius Agricola, a governor of Roman Britain, and the first surviving account of the geography, climate, and peoples of Britain. The German tribes of Northern Europe are discussed in Germania.
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Hesiod – The Hesiod Collection

The ancient Greek poet Hesiod lived around the same time as Homer. He is considered to be an economist and also wrote works on mythology, ancient time-keeping, and farming techniques. The Hesiod Collection includes The Shield of Heracles, Theogony (the origins and genealogies of the Greek gods), and Works and Days (a farmers almanac in which Hesiod instructs his brother Perses in the art of agriculture).
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Hesiod – The Shield of Heracles

The Shield of Heracles is an archaic Greek epic poem which was attributed to Hesiod in antiquity. The subject of the poem is the expedition of Hercules and his nephew Iolaus against Cycnus, who challenged Heracles to combat as they were passing through Thessaly on their way to the city of Trachis.
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Jean Lang – Icarus

Jean Lang (Mrs John Lang, 1867-1932) wrote extensively on Greek, Roman, and Germanic mythology and its interpretation. In Langs version of the Icarus myth, there is a strong emphasis on the boys duty to fulfill the aspirations of his father, Daedalus.
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